The Christ of the Covenant (Hebrews 8:6-13)
Interpretive keys needed for understanding the “covenantal language” of the Bible
1. A covenant is a solemn bond with attendant blessings and curses
2. Scripture reveals an eternal covenant (The Covenant of Redemption) that underlies all of God’s redemptive activities. This convenant is between members of the Trinity.
3. As a result of the Covenant of Redemption, there is a convenant made unilaterally between God and His People. (The Convenant of Grace),
4. Jesis is the “Christ” (anointed one) given to satisfy the terms of redemption and grace.
How do the different covenant revealed in Scripture relate with one another?
I. The Covenant of Redemption (Eph. 1)
II. The Covenant of Grace (Gen. 3:15)
– The Noahic Covenant
– The Abrahamic Covenant
* The Mosaic Covenant
* The Davidic Covenant
* The New Covenant Forecasted
– The New Covenant (Christ)
* The Consummation
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6 But as it is, Christ has obtained a ministry that is as much more excellent than the old as the covenant he mediates is better, since it is enacted on better promises. 7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion to look for a second.
8 For he finds fault with them when he says:
“Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord,
when I will establish a new covenant with the house of Israel
and with the house of Judah,
9 not like the covenant that I made with their fathers
on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt.
For they did not continue in my covenant,
and so I showed no concern for them, declares the Lord.
10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel
after those days, declares the Lord:
I will put my laws into their minds,
and write them on their hearts,
and I will be their God,
and they shall be my people.
11 And they shall not teach, each one his neighbor
and each one his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’
for they shall all know me,
from the least of them to the greatest.
12 For I will be merciful toward their iniquities,
and I will remember their sins no more.”
13 In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete. And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away. (ESV)