The Church and the State (Mark 12:13-17)
Jesus establishes the State as the legitimate ruler over the affairs of the “city of man”, but the State can make no claims upon the authority of the kingdom of God.
I. God institutes human government (The State)
II. God institutes His Church
III. What is the relationship between the Church and the State and how does it impact our lives?
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13 And they sent to him some of the Pharisees and some of the Herodians, to trap him in his talk. 14 And they came and said to him, “Teacher, we know that you are true and do not care about anyone’s opinion. For you are not swayed by appearances, but truly teach the way of God. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not? Should we pay them, or should we not?” 15 But, knowing their hypocrisy, he said to them, “Why put me to the test? Bring me a denarius and let me look at it.” 16 And they brought one. And he said to them, “Whose likeness and inscription is this?” They said to him, “Caesar’s.” 17 Jesus said to them, “Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” And they marveled at him. (ESV)